Saturday, April 26, 2014
Experimental evidence for involvement of nitric oxide in low frequency magnetic field induced obsessive compulsive disorder-like behavior.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2014 Apr 26. pii: S0091-3057(14)00115-4. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2014.04.007. [Epub ahead of print]
It is well documented that extremely low frequency magnetic field (ELF MF) produced effects on the function of nervous system in humans and laboratory animals. Dopaminergic and serotonergic pathways have been implicated in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Recently involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in OCD-like behavior is suggested. Hence, the present study was carried out to understand the involvement of dopamine, serotonin and NO in ELF MF induced OCD-like behavior. Swiss albino mice were exposed to ELF MF (50Hz, 10G) for 8h/day for 7, 30, 60, 90 and 120days by subjecting them to Helmholtz coils. OCD-like behavior was assessed in terms of marble burying behavior (MBB) test. Results revealed that ELF MF induced time dependant MBB, on 7th, 30th, 60th, 90th, and 120th exposure day. Further, levels of dopamine, serotonin and NO after 120days of ELF MF exposure were determined in regions of the brain. The neurohumoral studies revealed that exposure to ELF MF increased NO levels in cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus, and levels of dopamine and serotonin remain unaffected. As OCD-like behavior after ELF MF exposure was associated with higher levels of NO with no significant change in serotonin and dopamine, the effect of such exposure was studied in groups concurrently treated with NO modulators, NO precursor, L-ARG (400mg/kg) or NOS inhibitor, L-NAME (15.0mg/kg) or 7-NI (10.0mg/kg). These treatments revealed that NO precursor exacerbated and NOS inhibitors attenuated ELF MF induced OCD-like behavior with corresponding changes in the levels of NO.
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Dopamine, Extremely low frequency magnetic field, Marble burying behavior, Nitric oxide, Obsessive compulsive disorder, Serotonin