Friday, January 10, 2014

Une femme perchée en haut d'une grue à Antony (92) pour protester contre les antennes-relais (A woman perched atop a crane Antony (92) to protest against the masts )

Une femme perchée en haut d'une grue à Antony (92) pour protester contre les antennes-relais

Une femme s'était installée lundi (28 octobre) vers 8h30 au sommet d'une grue de chantier à Antony (Hauts-de-Seine) où elle a déployé une banderole réclamant son relogement, en mettant en cause sa sensibilité aux ondes émises par les antennes-relais. Les pompiers l'ont convaincue de descendre.
  • AFP
  • Publié le 28/10/2013 | 10:36, mis à jour le 28/10/2013 | 14:26
© France 3 Paris
© France 3 Paris
La femme, âgée d'une soixantaine d'années, estime mal supporter les ondes des antennes-relais et réclame un changement de domicile. Selon la police, plusieurs propositions lui avaient été faites au cours des semaines précédentes et avaient toutes été rejetées. Son bailleur s'est rendu sur place lundi matin.

La grue au sommet de laquelle cette femme a grimpé, située  "Place des Anciens Combattants d'Afrique du Nord", à Antony, est haute d'une trentaine de mètres de haut. « La femme a été mise en sécurité par les pompiers qui lui ont passé un harnais », a précisé un policier.

>> Voir en vidéo la femme perchée sur la grue : 

Voir la vidéo
En toute fin de matinée, les pompiers ont réussi à convaincre cette femme de redescendre sur la terre ferme.

La manifestante avait déjà entrepris une action similaire à la mi-octobre sur son propre toit pour protester contre les antennes-relais.

Google Translate

A woman perched atop a crane Antony (92) to protest against the masts 

A woman was installed Monday (October 28) around 8:30 on top of a construction crane in Antony (Hauts-de-Seine) where she unfurled a banner demanding the relocation, calling into question its sensitivity to the waves emitted by the antennas. Firefighters convinced her to come down.
AFPPublié on 28.10.2013 | 10:36, updated on 28/10/2013 | 2:26 p.m.
© France 3 Paris
© France 3 Paris
The woman, aged sixty years, says resent waves of antennas and demands a change of address. According to police, several proposals had been made during the past few weeks and had been rejected. His landlord went up on Monday morning.

The crane on top of which this woman has climbed located "Place of Veterans Affairs North Africa," Antony is high thirty meters high. "The woman was made safe by firefighters who passed him a harness," said a police officer.

View video >> woman perched on the crane:
See the video
At the very end of the morning, firefighters were able to convince this woman down on land.

The protester had already undertaken a similar action in mid-October on his own roof to protest against the masts.

Desperately seeking white zone (Trailer)

Desperately seeking white zone (Trailer)

Is Electromagnetic Radiation Dangerous? How To Protect Yourself?

Is Electromagnetic Radiation Dangerous? How To Protect Yourself?

Is Electromagnetic Radiation Dangerous? How To Protect Yourself?

Tina Sieber

Can cell phones cause cancer after all? The media certainly knows how to screw with facts. How does radiation emitted by electronics really affect your body? Well, calm down! The truth is, we know too little to make definite claims, but some evidence and a lot of common sense suggests that you’d better be safe than sorry.

Are All Types Of Radiation Dangerous?

No! We are subject to natural radiation all day long, whether we’re indoors our outdoors. We are exposed to background radiation like terrestrial radiation, cosmic radiation, or Radon, a radioactive gas found predominantly in areas with natural occurrences of Radium. And then there is the sun, our most important natural source of radiation, i.e. sunlight. We are used to it, most of it is harmless, we even depend on it. What we have to be wary of is extensive exposure to radiation, whether it’s natural or artificial.

What Is Electromagnetic Pollution?

Electromagnetic pollution is a buzzword describing the excessive exposure to electromagnetic radiation or electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by electronic devices like cell phones, cordless phones, WiFi routers or Bluetooth-enabled equipment.

The energy emitted by electronics is non-ionizing radiation, meaning it does not have the capability to break chemical bonds. In other words, it doesn’t damage your DNA, which is a potential cause of cancer. While electromagnetic radiation cannot cause immediate damage, it does interact with our bodies, which can potentially lead to indirect damage, especially following long term exposure.
Common Sources of Radiation   Is Electromagnetic Radiation Dangerous? How To Protect Yourself?

How Does Electromagnetic Radiation From Electronics Affect The Body?

Our bodies can absorb electromagnetic radiation as energy, meaning molecules in the tissue directly exposed to radiation get excited. In other words, they heat up. This is exactly what happens when we sunbathe. The molecules in our skin are excited by waves in the sunlight and thus sunshine feels warm on our skin.
Now, the heat caused by the non-ionizing spectrum of sunlight is considered harmless. Moreover, the energy emitted by electronic devices is magnitudes lower than that of the sun! Energy is directly proportional to the radiation’s frequency. Ultraviolet light — the kind that has a high potential to cause skin cancer — has a frequency of around 10 to the power of 16, while low intensity microwaves found with cell phones have a radiation of around 10 to the power of 9. This alone should put you at ease — but, not so fast.
Electromagnetic Radiation Spectrum   Is Electromagnetic Radiation Dangerous? How To Protect Yourself?

During recent years, much attention has been given to the specific absorption rates (SAR) of cell phones and their effects on our health. SAR describes the amount of energy from radiation absorbed by the human body over a set amount of time. While manufacturers have to honor safety limits set by the FCC and many national governments, those values are somewhat arbitrary. We still don’t understand enough about the potential effects of electromagnetic radiation, both in terms of its interaction with biological material and the effects of its increasing and cumulative use.
The fact is, we are increasingly subjected to artificial electromagnetic radiation. We bathe in EMFs all day long, artificial electromagnetic radiation is emitted by a growing number of devices, and our relationships with these devices becomes more and more intimate. There is no way anyone can be sure of the outcome.

Evidence For Health Hazardous Effects Of Electromagnetic Pollution

In 2011, wireless radiation was classified as a potential carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an agency of the World Health Organization (WHO). This was in response to studies that indicated a potential correlation between cell phone radiation and cancer. While several scientific studies suggest a link between radiation and cancer, especially for long term user of cell phones, others dispute or relativize the link to cancer. Most of these studies are either flawed or outdated by now and thus, science remains inconclusive.
The way we use wireless technology today is radically different than how we used it a decade or two ago, when most of today’s devices didn’t even exist! It takes time to study long-term effects on the human body. Meanwhile, the use of technology — think Google Glass or Smart Watches — continues to evolve too quickly for mandatory long term scientific studies or regulatory agencies to keep up. I dare to say that this is an undisputable fact.
In the meantime, alarming reports remind us to be cautious, although studies by school kids should be taken with a grain of salt. Apparently, the report of cress seedlings dying when placed next to a WiFi router was based on an amateurish study that was biased and had other significant flaws. That doesn’t mean the conclusion is false, it just means it can’t be trusted.
Humans aren’t cress seeds, but we do keep wireless devices close to our bodies. If this is done over a long period of time, it could be damaging to our health, as some cases suggest.

Ironically, when I searched for scientific studies on the relation between cell phones and occurrences of cancer, I found a publication that discussed the use of widespread mobile technology in preventive health care. The authors speculate that delivering health information via cell phones could aid cancer prevention. So in the end, technology might do us more good than bad.

How Can You Protect Yourself From Electromagnetic Pollution?

Artificial electromagnetic radiation from electronics is prevalent in our environment. At current rates and given you don’t use electronic devices excessively, it is most likely harmless, at least for adults. However, if you have adopted habits that are potentially risky and experience symptoms that may be attributed to electromagnetic pollution, you can try some of the strategies below.
Artificial Sources Of Electromagnetic Radiation   Is Electromagnetic Radiation Dangerous? How To Protect Yourself?

Mobile Phones

Avoid using your cell phone for calls when possible. Other times, keep calls short and use a headset. Avoid calls when the network signal is weak, as this is when your phone’s radiation is the strongest. If possible, don’t wear your phone close to your body or regularly switch where you keep it. Don’t keep your phone close by when you sleep or set it to airplane mode. Not only will this decrease the radiation emitted by your cell phone and potentially improve your sleep — if only for the lack of notifications — it will also save battery. Finally, look for a cell phone with a low SAR rating when purchasing your next one.

Cordless Home Phones

Make sure your DECT cordless phone reduces its signal power when the handheld is in idle mode or rests in the base station. Use the phone close to its base station. When its time comes, replace it with a corded phone or one that has lower radiation levels.

WiFi and Bluetooth

The strength of these wireless signals drops quickly over relatively short distances and thus the energy that reaches your body is extremely weak. Moreover, WiFi energy is considered non-thermal, meaning it does not cause heating of tissue. So technically, you don’t have to worry.
That said, children may be more vulnerable. If you are concerned, consider connecting to the Internet using an Ethernet cable, which would allow you to turn your wireless router off while it’s not needed by mobile devices. If your router must be always-on, place it at the maximum distance from your desk or bed that still allows you to get a reasonably strong signal. Again, based on what we know today, WiFi signals are harmless and it’s close to impossible to overdose on them.

Relax! Everything Will Be Fine

At this point, the science isn’t clear. I dare to say that this is mostly due to the fuzzy field within which research presently operates. The intimate use of technology is a very new development and biological systems are rather rigid. Consequently, we won’t see effects clearly for a long time, a phenomenon we know very well from climate change. By the time we can no longer deny the effects, the damage (if any!) is irreversible, at least for our children.
Our elders know that it’s better to be safe than sorry; it’s the precautionary principle we should all follow. Embrace technology, except don’t do it literally. Use it in reasonable doses, with caution, teach your children responsible use of technology, and everyone will be fine. Cell phones and other electronics do not cause health issues, unless overdosed. What’s far more damaging to your health is anxiety, so try to relax.

Are Cell Phones and Microwave Radiation Really Unhealthy?

Are Cell Phones and Microwave Radiation Really Unhealthy?

Testing Shows Mixed Results, But Some Evidence is Clear

Dear EarthTalk: Could our health be negatively affected by all the radio frequencies being bandied about by cell phones and cell phone towers, wireless pagers and Internet systems, and other uses of radio frequency and microwave radiation?
-- Beverly Filip, Santa Cruz, CA

Since the middle of the last century, technological advancements in telecommunications and other industries have led to significant increases in the use of radio frequencies. Equipment employing microwave and radio waves is today widely used not just in broadcasting and communications, but also in the health care industry, the food industry, and in a host of other industries in a wide range of applications.
Evidence Raises Concerns About Cell Phones and Microwave Exposure
Health advocates have worried for decades that exposure to frequencies emanating from these many sources might be harmful. And the ubiquity of such technology today--especially considering the quantum leap in cell phone usage in recent years--only makes such concerns that much more pressing.
How Do Cell Phones Affect Your Health?
Various studies researching the health effects of cell phone use have yielded mixed results. Some studies suggested a link between exposure to radiation from cell phones and an increased risk of acoustic neuroma--a tumor of the nerve connecting the ear to the brain--but more recent research found no such links.
The issue is primarily heat. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Department of the Communication Workers of America (CWA), “As high frequency radio frequency radiation…penetrates the body, the exposed molecules move about and collide with one another causing friction and, thus, heat…If the radiation is powerful enough, the tissue or skin will be heated or burned.”
According to CWA, “there is substantial scientific data that establishes negative health effects associated with microwave radiation.” CWA cites cataracts as one possible negative health effect from prolonged exposure, as well as well as nervous system damage and even reproductive problems in both males and females. This issue was in the news in 1992 over the issue of the safety of police radar devices, but subsequent studies were inconclusive.
Young Cell Phone Users May See Negative Effects in Middle Age
As to cell phones, the results of a study recently published in the academic journal Environmental Health Perspectives do not bode well for habitual chatterers. Researchers documented brain damage in laboratory rats exposed to radio frequencies from cell phones at levels comparable to what people would experience during normal use. The study’s authors expressed concern that “after some decades of (often) daily use, a whole generation of [cell phone] users may suffer negative effects, perhaps as early as middle age.”
How Do Cell Phones Affect the Environment?
The environmental effects of radio frequencies are also largely unclear. Migrating birds have been known to fly right into cell phone and other communications towers. Some blame the radiation emanating from such towers for disorienting the birds and undermining their navigational abilities. Others chalk such incidents up to poor visibility associated with bad weather and nothing more.
Some farmers have observed that cows grazing near cell towers are more likely to experience still births, spontaneous abortions, birth deformities and behavioral problems, not to mention general declines in overall health. Moving cattle herds away from such towers has reportedly led to immediate health improvements.
GOT AN ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTION? Send it to: EarthTalk, c/o E/The Environmental Magazine, P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881; submit it, or e-mail:
EarthTalk is a regular feature of E/The Environmental Magazine. Selected EarthTalk columns are reprinted on About Environmental Issues by permission of the editors of E.

Tower distance violations irk activists

Tower distance violations irk activists

Mobile phones affect multiple sperm quality traits: a meta-analysis.

 2013 Feb 12;2. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.2-40.

Mobile phones affect multiple sperm quality traits: a meta-analysis.


As mobile phone usage is growing rapidly, there is a need for a comprehensive analysis of the literature to inform scientific debates about the adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on sperm quality traits. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of the eligible published research studies on human males of reproductive age. Eleven studies were eligible for this analysis. Based on the meta-analysis, mobile phone use was significantly associated with deterioration in semen quality (Hedges's g = -0.547; 95% CI: -0.713, -0.382; p < 0.001). The traits particularly affected adversely were sperm concentration, sperm morphology, sperm motility, proportion of non-progressive motile sperm (%), proportion of slow progressive motile sperm (%), and sperm viability. Direct exposure of spermatozoa to mobile phone radiation with in vitro study designs also significantly deteriorated the sperm quality (Hedges's g = -2.233; 95% CI: -2.758, -1.708; p < 0.001), by reducing straight line velocity, fast progressive motility, Hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test score, major axis (µm), minor axis (µm), total sperm motility, perimeter (µm), area (µm (2)), average path velocity, curvilinear velocity, motile spermatozoa, and  acrosome reacted spermatozoa (%). The strength of evidence for the different outcomes varied from very low to very high. The analysis shows that mobile phone use is possibly associated with a number of deleterious effects on the spermatozoa.
Free PMC Article

Archos to show sub-$100 smartwatches at CES

Archos to show sub-$100 smartwatches at CES

Archos smartwatch
Archos announced smartwatches starting at under £50 (US$83) and an Android tablet specially designed to make home automation a breeze.
The new smartwatches have a lean and thin design similar to products from Pebble, and will be compatible with Apple’s iOS and Google’s Android OS devices, Archos said in a statement. Smartwatches from Pebble are priced at $150.
The company did not provide availability information for the smartwatches, but products will be shown at the International CES trade show in Las Vegas between January 7 and 10.
Smartwatches are used in conjunction with smartphones to show messages, incoming calls, news, weather, social network posts and even webpages. Smartwatches are also being used as fitness trackers. Sony, Samsung and Qualcomm are among the top players in the smartwatch market today, and many companies are expected to show products at CES.
Archos' Smart Home Tablet
Archos’ Smart Home Tablet (Click to enlarge)
Archos also announced a lineup of “smart devices” that can gather and automate mundane home tasks. At the center of the lineup is the Smart Home Tablet, a 7-inch Android tablet that can chat with and set up actions for smart meters, plugs, lights, cameras, weather stations and other connected devices. For example, the tablet can be used to activate cameras or switch on lights if a motion sensor captures movement.
To complement the tablet, Archos announced a new weather station that can capture temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide levels, humidity and other environmental information. The monitor can be used indoors or outdoors. The company will also show a connected camera, smart plug and motion tracker at CES.
The tablet can also aggregate information from Android and iOS mobile devices, Archos said.
Archos also announced wearable fitness trackers that can be used to set health goals. The Blood Pressure Monitor can monitor heart activity and pressure, the Activity Tracker functions like a pedometer and the Connected Scale measures weight and body-fat ratio. An Archos app called Connected Self App aggregates information from the health monitors to analyze health activity and set up fitness goals.
The new Archos products are among the first to be based on Bluetooth 4.1, also called Bluetooth Low Energy, which was formally adopted by device makers this month.

Research on mobile base stations and their impact on health

Research on mobile base stations and their impact on health

Epidemiological studies:

Base Station logo
Abdel-Rassoul, G., El-Fateh, O. A., Salem, M. A., Michael, A., Farahat, F. & El-Batanouny, M. (2007). Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations, Neurotoxicology, 28(2), 434-40. 

"The prevalence of neuropsychiatric complaints as headache (23.5%), memory changes (28.2%), dizziness (18.8%), tremors (9.4%), depressive symptoms (21.7%), and sleep disturbance (23.5%) were significantly higher among exposed inhabitants than controls: (10%), (5%), (5%), (0%), (8.8%) and (10%), respectively (P < 0.05). Inhabitants living nearby mobile phone base stations are at risk for developing neuropsychiatric problems and some changes in the performance of neurobehavioral functions either by facilitation or inhibition. So, revision of standard guidelines for public exposure to RER from mobile phone base station antennas and using of NBTB for regular assessment and early detection of biological effects among inhabitants around the stations are recommended." 

Comment: Within this research, the people were in the same building with antennas on the roof or in the opposite building (=very close to the radiation source). This caused a variety of symptoms. The study did not have radiation power density values included.
Berg-Beckhoff, G., Blettner, M., Kowall, B., Breckenkamp, J., Schlehofer, B., Schmiedel, S., et al. (2009). Mobile phone base stations and adverse health effects: phase 2 of a cross-sectional study with measured radio frequency electromagnetic fields. Occup Environ Med, 66(2), 124-130. 

"For the five health scores used, no differences in their medians were observed for exposed versus non-exposed participants. People who attributed adverse health effects to mobile phone base stations reported significantly more sleep disturbances and health complaints, but they did not report more headaches or less mental and physical health. Individuals concerned about mobile phone base stations did not have different well-being scores compared with those who were not concerned. In this large population-based study, measured RF-EMFs emitted from mobile phone base stations were not associated with adverse health effects." 

Comment: Results differ from phase 1 (See Heinrich et al., 2008 and Blettner et al. 2009). Generally, this paper shows great variety in exposure conditions.
Blettner, M., Schlehofer, B, Breckenkamp, J., Kowall, B., Schmiedel, S. Reis, U., Potthoff, P., Schüz, J. & Berg-Beckhoff, G. (2009). Mobile phone base stations and adverse health effects: phase 1 of a population-based, cross-sectional study in Germany. Occup Environ Med 66:118-123. 

"In the initial phase, reported on in this paper, 30,047 persons from a total of 51,444 who took part in the nationwide survey also answered questions on how mobile phone base stations affected their health. A list of 38 health complaints was used. A multiple linear regression model was used to identify predictors of health complaints including proximity of residence to mobile phone base stations and risk perception. RESULTS: Of the 30,047 participants (response rate 58.6%), 18.7% of participants were concerned about adverse health effects of mobile phone base stations, while an additional 10.3% attributed their personal adverse health effects to the exposure from them. Participants who were concerned about or attributed adverse health effects to mobile phone base stations and those living in the vicinity of a mobile phone base station (500 m) reported slightly more health complaints than others. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of the German population is concerned about adverse health effects caused by exposure from mobile phone base stations. The observed slightly higher prevalence of health complaints near base stations can not however be fully explained by attributions or concerns." 

Comment: Those who were not concerned about base stations still reported more health problems close to the base station than people living more far away.
Bortkiewicz A, et al. [Subjective symptoms reported by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review]. [Article in Polish] Med Pr. 2004;55(4):345-51. 

"The performed studies showed the relationship between the incidence of individual symptoms, the level of exposure, and the distance between a residential area and a base station. This association was observed in both groups of persons, those who linked their complaints with the presence of the base station and those who did not notice such a relation." 

Comment: See also the review of Khurana et al. (2010). Bortkiewicz-group research papers are also available in the Occupational exposure-section.
Dode, A., Leao, M., Tejo, F., Gomes, A., Dode, D., Dode, M., Moreira, C., Condessa, V., Albinatti, C. & Caiaffa, W. (2011). Mortality by neoplasia and cellular telephone base stations in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Sci Total Environ. 2011 Jul 7. [Epub ahead of print] 

"A descriptive spatial analysis of the BSs and the cases of death by neoplasia identified in the municipality was performed through an ecological-epidemiological approach, using georeferencing. ... Between 1996 and 2006, 7191 deaths by neoplasia occurred and within an area of 500m from the BS, the mortality rate was 34.76 per 10,000 inhabitants. Outside of this area, a decrease in the number of deaths by neoplasia occurred. The greatest accumulated incidence was 5.83 per 1000 in the Central-Southern region and the lowest incidence was 2.05 per 1000 in the Barreiro region. During the environmental monitoring, the largest accumulated electric field measured was 12.4V/m and the smallest was 0.4V/m. The largest density power was 40.78uW/cm(2), and the smallest was 0.04uW/cm(2). ... The mortality rates and the relative risk were higher for the residents inside a radius of 500 m from the BS, compared to the average mortality rate of the entire city, and a decreased dose-response gradient was observed for residents who lived farther away from the BS 

Comment: At the end of the paper, researchers emphasise the ALARA principle and discuss about several alternative, precautionary limits in various countries.
Eger, H. & Jahn, M. (2010). Spezifische Symptome und Mobilfunkstrahlung in Selbitz (Bayern) - Evidenz für eine Dosiswirkungsbeziehung. ("Specific Health Symptoms and Cell Phone Radiation in Selbitz (Bavaria, Germany)-Evidence of a Dose-Response Relationship") Umwelt Medizin Gesellschaft, Feb. 2010: 130-139. 

"Die mittlere Strahlenbelastung der höchstbelasteten Gruppen in Selbitz (1,2 V/m) lag deutlich höher als die untersuchte Studienpopulation der QUEBEB-Studie (1) des Deutschen Mobilfunkforschungsprogramms (Mittelwert DMF 0,07 V/m). Für die Beschwerden Schlafstörung, Depressionen, cerebrale Symptome, Gelenkbeschwerden, Infekte, Hautveränderungen, Herz-Kreislauf Störungen sowie Störungen des optischen und akustischen Sensoriums und des Magen-Darm-Traktes besteht eine signifikante dosiswirkungsabhängige Korrelation zu objektiv bestimmten Expositionslagen, die mit dem Einfluss von Mikrowellen auf das Nervensystem des Menschen erklärt wird." 

"The mean radiation measurements of the groups exposed at most in Selbitz (1.2 V/m) was substantially higher than the mean radiation of the study population studied in the QUEBEB study (1) of the German mobile telephone research program (Deutsches Mobilfunkforschungsprogramm DMF, established mean value DMF 0.07 V/m). A significant correlation was found dependent on dose-effects for insomnia, depressions, cerebral symptoms, joint illnesses, infections, skin changes, heart and circulation disorders, and disorders of the optical and acoustic sensory systems and the gastro-intestinal tract with objectively determined locations of exposure, which can be related by the influence of microwaves on the human nervous system." 

Comment: It is important where the cut point is set. Eger and Jahn used radiation estimates, power density measurements were not conducted.
Eger, H., Hagen, K., Lucas, B. Vogel, P. & Voit, H. (2004). The Influence of Being Physically Near to a Cell Phone Transmission Mast on the Incidence of Cancer. Published in Umwelt Medizin Gesellschaft 17,4 2004, as: "Einfluss der räumlichen Nähe von Mobilfunksendeanlagen auf die Krebsinzidenz". 

"In the years 1999-2004, ie after five years operation of the transmitting installation, the relative risk of getting cancer had trebled for the residents of the area in the proximity of the installation compared to the inhabitants of Naila outside the area."
Gadzicka, E., Bortkiewicz, A., Zmyslony, M., Szymczak, W. & Szyjkowska, A. (2006). Assessment of subjective complaints reported by people living near mobile phone base stations. Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland. Workshop PTZE Electromagnetics technics in preventive health, Lodz, Poland 13-15 December 2006 (Biuletyn PTZE, nr 14, Warszawa 2006, pp 23-26) 

"The study subjects comprised 500 people from 5 regions of the city of Lodz, living in houses located at the distances of up to 50 m, 50-100m, 100-150m, 150-200m and over 200m from the base station. The distance from base station is the estimated value of exposure to EMF. There were 181 (36.2%) men aged 46.2 29.0 years and 319 (63.8%) women aged 50.117.0 years.
...A significant relationship was found to occur between the frequency of some symptoms and the distance from the base station. Everyday headaches were most frequent in respondents living at the distance 100-150 m from the base station in comparison with subjects living in farther distances. Differences were statistically significant (p=0,013). Symptoms of depression were most frequently reported by people living at the distance 50-100 m (23,3%) and over 200 m (21,3%). Differences were at the borderline of statistical significance (p=0.059). It seems important to note that only 1.8% of subjects reported their concern about possible harmful effects of the base stations."
Heinrich et al. (2008). Abschlussbericht - MobilEe - Mobilfunk: Exposition und Befinden. Epidemiologische Untersuchung zu möglichen akuten gesundheitlichen Effekten durch Mobilfunk bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. München, Juni 2008. 

"Es zeigten sich insgesamt sowohl für die Kinder als auch für die Jugendlichen keine statistisch signifikanten konsistenten Zusammenhänge zwischen der gemessenen Exposition und den betrachteten chronischen und akuten Beschwerden... Kinder, die täglich oder fast täglich Telefonate mit Mobiltelefon oder DECT führten, wiesen eine höhere Prävalenz der chronischen Müdigkeit auf (jeweils p=0,03)." " Jugendliche, die in weniger als 500 Meter Entfernung von einer Basisstation wohnten, berichteten tendenziell etwas häufiger über chronische Müdigkeit." "Dort war eine WLAN-Exposition im 2. Quartil mit einer signifikant häufigeren Angabe von chronischer Angst assoziert (Tabelle 44)." 

Comment: A German report about children and how the microwave exposure affects. Generally, there was no consistent picture between measured exposure and symptoms. Starting from page 160: Children who daily used mobile or DECT phones showed signs of chronic nausea. Youngsters who lived 500 m or closer to a base station showed increased nausea. Wi-Fi exposure was associated to chronical discomfort and irritability feeling (Angst).
Hutter, H., Moshammer, H., Wallner, P. & Kundi, M. (2006). Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations, Occupational and environmental medicine, 63(5), 307-13. 

"Total HF-EMF and exposure related to mobile telecommunication were far below recommended levels (max. 4.1 mW/m²). Distance from antennae was 24-600 m in the rural area and 20-250 m in the urban area. Average power density was slightly higher in the rural area (0.05 mW/m²) than in the urban area (0.02 mW/m²). Despite the influence of confounding variables, including fear of adverse effects from exposure to HF-EMF from the base station, there was a significant relation of some symptoms to measured power density; this was highest for headaches. Perceptual speed increased, while accuracy decreased insignificantly with increasing exposure levels. There was no significant effect on sleep quality. CONCLUSION: Despite very low exposure to HF-EMF, effects on wellbeing and performance cannot be ruled out, as shown by recently obtained experimental results; however, mechanisms of action at these low levels are unknown." 

Comment: Hutter et al indicated that the radiation average in cities was 0,02 mW/m² = 20 µW/m². In larger cities these values are (unfortunately) often in thousands of µW/m². The interesting question is: Does mobile phone use and base station exposure explain the general increase of migraine and headaches?
Meyer, M., Gärtig-Daugs, A., & Radespiel-Tröger, M. (2006). Mobilfunkbasisstationen und Krebshäufigkeit in Bayern. Umweltmedizin Forschung & Praxis, 11 (2), 89-97. 

"Cancer incidence was not found to be elevated in municipalities with cellular telephone relay stations. The cancer incidence was highly variable in areas without any relay station. The mean age of cancer patients living in towns with relay stations was comparable to that of patients living in villages and towns far away from any relay station. Cancer occurrence in special tumour sites thought to be sensible for radiation effects did not show an association with the locations of the cellular telephone infrastructure." 

Comment: Authors did not find a connection between cancer and base stations in Bavaria, Germany. The cancer registry in Bavaria was quite new. What is strange is that Meyer et al. did not include the Bavarian (Bayern) city of Naila in their research à See Eger et al. (2004) above.
Navarro, E., Segure, J., Portelés, M., Gomez Perretta, C. (2003). The microwave Syndrome: A preliminary Study in Spain. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 22: 161-169. 

"A health survey was carried out in Murcia, Spain, in the vicinity of a Cellular Phone Base Station working in DCS-1800 MHz. This survey contained health items related to "microwave sickness" or "RF syndrome." The microwave power density was measured at the respondents' homes. Statistical analysis showed significant correlation between the declared severity of the symptoms and the measured power density. The separation of respondents into two different exposure groups also showed an increase of the declared severity in the group with the higher exposure." 

Comment: The average power density value close to base stations in the study of Navarro et al. was 0.11 µW/cm² = 1100 µW/m². That radiation level caused various symptoms.
Santini, R., Santini, P., Le Ruz, P., Danze, J. & Seigne, M. (2003). Survey Study of People Living in the Vicinity of Cellular Phone Base Stations. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 22: 41-49 

"A survey study was conducted, using a questionnaire, on 530 people (270 men, 260 women) living or not in proximity to cellular phone base stations. Eighteen different symptoms (Non Specific Health Symptoms-NSHS), described as radiofrequency sickness, were studied by means of the chi-square test with Yates correction. The results that were obtained underline that certain complaints are experienced only in the immediate vicinity of base stations (up to 10 m for nausea, loss of appetite, visual disturbances), and others at greater distances from base stations (up to 100 m for irritability, depressive tendencies, lowering of libido, and up to 200 m for headaches, sleep disturbances, feeling of discomfort). In the 200 m to 300 m zone, only the complaint of fatigue is experienced significantly more often when compared with subjects residing at more than 300 m or not exposed (reference group). For seven of the studied symptoms and for the distance up to 300 m, the frequency of reported complaints is significantly higher (P < 0.05) for women in comparison with men. Significant differences are also observed in relation to the ages of subjects, and for the location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors." 

Comment: This document did not include power density measurements, only discussed how the distance affects. Interesting was that within 10 meter distance (base station on the roof) there were symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite, visual disturbances. So, very close to then antenna the symptoms seem to be different from symptoms experienced at a greater distance. 

See also: 

Santini R, et al. Enqute sur la sante de riverains de stations relais de telephonie mobile : I/Incidences de la distance et du sexe. [Symptoms experienced by people in vicinity of base station: I/Incidences of distance and sex.] Pathol Biol (Paris). 2002 Jul;50(6):369-73. 

Santini R, et al. Enqute sur la sant de riverains de stations relais de telephonie mobile: II/ Incidences de lge des sujets, de la dure de leur exposition et de leur position par rapport aux antennes et autres sources electromagntiques. [Symptoms experienced by people in vicinity of base stations:: II/ Incidences of age, duration of exposure, location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors.] Pathol Biol (Paris). 2003 Sep;51(7):412-5. 

Santini R, et al.. Symptomes experims par des riverains de stations relais de telephonie mobile. La Presse Medicale. 2001;30:1594.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei, D., Karbalae, M., Moradi, H. & Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi, M. (2013). Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS) antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 

"Results - The results showed that most of the symptoms such as nausea, headache, dizziness, irritability, discomfort, nervousness, depression, sleep disturbance, memory loss and lowering of libido were statistically significant in the inhabitants living near the BTS antenna less than 300 m distances) compared to those living far from the BTS antenna ( more than 300 m). Conclusion - It is suggested that cellular phone BTS antenna should not be sited closer than 300 m to populations to minimize exposure of neighbors." 

Comment: .
Wolf, R. & Wolf, D. (2004) Increased incidence of cancer near a cell-phone transmitter station. International Journal of Cancer Prevention. Vol. 1, No. 2, April 2004. 

"Both measured and predicted power density (for the frequencies of 850 MHz) in the whole exposed area were far below 0.53 µw/cm² thus the power density is far below the current guidelines which are based on the thermal effects of RF exposure. Exact measured power density in each house are described in table 1. The current Israeli standard uses 50 packets/sec with Time-Division-Multiple-Access (TDMA) quadrature modulation. The antenna produces 50 packets/sec, using a 3:1 multiplexed Time-Division-Multiple-Access (TDMA) modulation with a 33% duty cycle. ...Cancer incidence of women in area A was thus significantly higher (p<0 .0001="" 4.15="" a="" and="" area="" b="" cases="" city.="" compared="" comparison="" em="" entire="" in="" more="" nbsp="" of="" population.="" relative="" revealed="" risk="" than="" that="" the="" there="" times="" were="" whole="" with=""> 

Comment: Women were more likely to have symptoms and illnesses close to base stations than men (7 out of 8 cases). Especially breast cancer rates were higher close to the base station.


Atzmon, I., Linn, S., Richter, E., & Portnov, B. A. (2011). Cancer risks in the Druze Isifya Village: Reasons and RF/MW antennas. Pathophysiology: The Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology / ISP. doi:10.1016/j.pathophys.2011.07.005 

Objective: To investigate the association between past exposure to RF/MW transmitters and cancer risks, taking into account familial cancer history, occupational exposures and indicators of life-style. Methods: We carried out a population-based case-control study involving 307 residents, of whom 47 were diagnosed between 1989 and 2007 with different types of cancer and 260 controls. Cancer diagnoses were obtained from medical the records. Exposure status of individual houses were determined from a map, based on the distances between each house and RF/MW antennas, and were calculated using geographic information systems (GIS) toolsConclusion: There was evidence for an increased risk of cancers which were associated with chemicals in manufacturing and agriculture and electronics, where there may have been exposures to EMF, but the study did not confirm the suspicion of increased cancer risks associated with radiation for most cancer types in this village. Misclassification of past exposures could explain the negative finding.
Augner C. & Hacker, G.W. (2009). Are people living next to mobile phone base stations more strained? Relationship of health concerns, self-estimated distance to base station, and psychological parameters. Indian Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine, 13(3):141-5. 

"Fifty-seven participants completed standardized and non-standardized questionnaires that focused on the relevant parameters. In addition, saliva samples were used as an indication to determine the psychobiological strain by concentration of alpha-amylase, cortisol, immunoglobulin A (IgA), and substance P. RESULTS: Self-declared base station neighbors (DBS <= 100 meters) had significantly higher concentrations of alpha-amylase in their saliva, higher rates in symptom checklist subscales (SCL) somatization, obsessive-compulsive, anxiety, phobic anxiety, and global strain index PST (Positive Symptom Total)."
Breckenkamp, J., Blettner, M., Kowall, B., Schüz, J., Schlehofer, B., Schmiedel, S., Bornkessel, C., Reis, U., Potthoff, P. & Berg-Beckhoff, G. (2010). 

Ergebnisse einer Querschnittsstudie zum Zusammenhang von elektromagnetischen Feldern von Mobilfunksendeanlagen und unspezifischen gesundheitlichen Beschwerden (original article in German). Results of a cross-sectional study on the association of electromagnetic fields emitted from mobile phone base stations and health complaints. Umweltmed Forsch Prax 2010; 15 (3): 159 - 166. 

"Background: Despite the fact that adverse health effects are not confirmed for exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RFEMF) levels below the limit values, as defined in the guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, many persons are worried about possible adverse health effects caused by the RF-EMF emitted from mobile phone base stations, or they attribute their unspecific health complaints like headache or sleep disturbances to these fields. 
Method: In the framework of a cross-sectional study a questionnaire was sent to 4150 persons living in predominantly urban areas. Participants were asked whether base stations affected their health. Health complaints were measured with standardized health questionnaires for sleep disturbances, headache, health complaints and mental and physical health. 3,526 persons responded (85%) to the questionnaire and 1,808 (51%) agreed to dosimetric measurements in their flats. Exposure was measured in 1,500 flats. 
Results: The measurements accomplished in the bedrooms in most cases showed very low exposure values, most often below sensitivity limit of the dosimeter. An association of exposure with the occurrence of health complaints was not found, but an association between the attribution of adverse health effects to base stations and the occurrence of health complaints." 

Comment: Strange language about ICNIRP guidance levels and strange selection of a meter. The dosimetric measurements should perhaps measure also low-level electric and magnetic fields + transients. The base station may cause power quality problems in the whole house, not only in the apartment below antennas.
Buchner, K. & Eger, H. (2011). Veränderung klinisch bedeutsamer Neurotransmitter unter dem Einfluss modulierter hochfrequenter Felder - Eine Langzeiterhebung unter lebensnahen Bedingungen (Modification of clinically important neurotransmitters under the influence of modulated high-frequency fields - A long-term study under true-to-life conditions) Umwelt Medizin Gesellschaft, 24(1), 44-57. 

"This long-term study over one and a half years shows a significant activation of the 60 participants adrenergic systems after the installation of a regional mobile telephone transmitting station in the village of Rimbach (Bavaria). The values of the stress hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline grow significantly during the first six months after starting the GSM transmitter; the values of the precursor substance dopamine decreases substantially after the beginning of the radiation ...The effects show a dose effect relation and are situated far under the valid limits for technical high-frequency stress. Chronic dysregulations of the catecholamine system have a substantial health relevance and cause health damages in the long run." 

Comment: Interestingly, these findings of increased adrenaline/noradrenaline and decreased dopamine are similar to an observation made by a group of medical doctors earlier.
Eger, H. & Neppe, F. (2009). Krebsinzidenz von Anwohnern im Umkreis einer Mobilfunksendeanlage in Westfalen - Interview-basierte Piloterhebung und Risikoschätzung 

"In a remote part of a town in Westphalia, from 2000 to 2007 the cancer incidence within a 400-metre radius of a mobile telephone transmitting station was ascertained by a door-to-door survey. The data based on interviews with 575 inhabitants showed a statistically significant raise of the cancer incidence five years after the transmitting station had been started."
Elliott, P., Toledano, M. B., Bennett, J., Beale, L., de Hoogh, K., Best, N., & Briggs, D. J. (2010). Mobile phone base stations and early childhood cancers: case-control study. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.), 340, c3077. 

"Objective: To investigate the risk of early childhood cancers associated with the mother's exposure to radiofrequency from and proximity to macrocell mobile phone base stations (masts) during pregnancy. Design: Case-control study. ... 
Results: Mean distance of registered address at birth from a macrocell base station, based on a national database of 76890 base station antennas in 1996-2001,was similar for cases and controls (1107 (SD 1131)mv 1073 (SD 1130) m, P=0.31), as was total power output of base stations within 700 m of the address (2.89 (SD 5.9) kW v 3.00 (SD 6.0) kW, P=0.54) and modelled power density (-30.3 (SD 21.7) dBm v -29.7 (SD 21.5) dBm, P=0.41). ... 
Conclusions: There is no association between risk of early childhood cancers and estimates of the mother's exposure to mobile phone base stations during pregnancy". 

Comment: The power density values were modelled, not measured. No picocells or microcells (closest transmitters to mothers) were included. The overall RF exposure of mothers and children to DECT-base stations and mobile phones was not included. Powerwatch provided also a comment about the modelling work of Elliott et al.:
Hacker, G. & Pauser, G. (2007) Wirkungen von GSM-Sendeanlagen auf den Menschen. Wissenschaftliches Forschungsprojekt der Salzburger Landeskliniken (SALK), IGGMB - Forschungsinstitut für Grund- und Grenzfragen der Medizin und Biotechnologie. Kurzbericht. 

"Das körpereigene Abwehrsystem wird tatsächlich geschwächt. Biochemisch zeigte sich in den Speichelanalysen, dass höhere Exposition zu einer biologisch relevanten Immunsuppression führte. Es zeigte sich eine statistisch signifikante Veränderung im Cortisolspiegel; weiters fanden sich auffallende Veränderungen in den Verläufen des alpha-Amylase-Spiegels, einem weiteren verlässlichen Stress-Marker, und im Immunglobulin-A-Spiegel (Antikörper-Ausschüttung im Speichel). Auch die GDVAnalysen zeigten nicht bei allen, aber bei vielen ProbandInnen immer wieder stressende Einflüsse auf. ...Fazit: Der "alte" "Salzburger Vorsorgewert" von 1000 µW/m² (= 1 mW/m²) aus dem Jahr 1998 erscheint absolut gerechtfertigt; er liegt eher zu hoch als zu niedrig, denn Veränderungen sind schon bei der Hälfte also bereits bei etwa 500 µW/m² erkennbar. Auch die Absenkung im Jahr 2002 erscheint damit auch auf Basis der vorliegenden Ergebnisse nachvollziehbar." 

Comment: 3 different radiation power density levels 3000 µW/m². , 540 µW/m². and 10 µW/m² were inspected. Blood samples indicated stress markers starting from the 500 µW/m² radiation power density level. As a summary, they recommend 10 µW/m² level (Salzburg Land (State) recommendation value).
Kundi, M., & Hutter, H. (2009). Mobile phone base stations-Effects on wellbeing and health. Pathophysiology. 

"Studying effects of mobile phone base station signals on health have been discouraged by authoritative bodies like WHO International EMF Project and COST 281 ...From available evidence it is impossible to delineate a threshold below which no effect occurs, however, given the fact that studies reporting low exposure were invariably negative it is suggested that power densities around 0.5-1 mW/m² must be exceeded in order to observe an effect. The meager data base must be extended in the coming years. The difficulties of investigating long-term effects of base station exposure have been exaggerated, considering that base station and handset exposure have almost nothing in common both needs to be studied independently. It cannot be accepted that studying base stations is postponed until there is firm evidence for mobile phones."
Oberfeld, G., Navarro, A., Enrigue, Portoles, M., Maestu, Ceferino, Gomez- Perretta, C. (2004) The Microwave Syndrome: Further Aspects of a Spanish Study. 

"Based on the data of this study the advice would be to strive for levels not highter than 0.02 V/m for the sum total, which is equal to a power density of 0.0001 µW/cm² or 1 µW/m², which is the indoor exposure value for GSM base stations proposed on empirical evidence by the Public Health Office of the Government of Salzburg in 2002."